Amla is a plant of the Euphorbiaceae family, an important fruit of India. This fruit is considered very beneficial. Amla is used in cooking many types of things, marmalade, pickle, jam, vegetable and jelly are prepared from it. Amla is also known as an Ayurvedic medicinal fruit. Therefore, apart from eating, it is used as a therapeutic, power-enhancing and beauty cosmetic.
The nutrients present inside it are very beneficial for the human body. The Amla plant, once prepared, gives fruits for many years. Its plant is bushy in appearance. Amla farming is known for high-profit earning farming. Moreover, for farming purposes, many tractors are used but Massey 9500 Price is economical that’s why farmers choose this efficiently.
How is Amla Cultivated?
If you want to do gooseberry cultivation, you are given information related to gooseberry cultivation, such as suitable soil, climate, temperature, and field preparation for gooseberry cultivation.
Soil, Climate & Temperature
Fertile soil is required for gooseberry cultivation, and there should not be a water-logging situation in the field because water-logging increases the risk of the destruction of plants. P.H. of land in gooseberry cultivation. The value should be between 6 to 8. Apart from this, its plants can also be planted on alkaline ground.
A temperate climate is considered suitable for gooseberry cultivation. Its plants grow well in high summer temperatures, and fruits start forming on its plants in the summer season itself. The frost falling in the winter season is harmful to its plants, but in the normal cold, the plants grow well. During the development of plants, they require normal temperatures. Apart from this, the minimum temperature is harmful to the gooseberry plants for a long time. Its cultivation should be done at an altitude of about 1800 meters above sea level.
Since a plant of Amla yields for many years, its field should be prepared well. For this, first of all, the area should be deeply ploughed so that the remains of the old crop are destroyed. Then, after pressing, leave the field open for a few days so that sunlight can penetrate the land properly. Also, every task needs its own implementation that’s why farmers prefer 1 robust tractor which easily attaches farming attachments. For that Mahindra tractor is preferable and Mahindra 575 price is nominal and easy to buy for farmers.
- Run the rotavator in the field and get it ploughed again.
- When the soil becomes friable, make the area flat by installing the pavement.
- After this, prepare a pit two feet wide and one and a half feet deep, keeping a distance of four meters in the field and prepare the rows keeping a distance of 12 to 15 feet.
- After this, mix organic and chemical fertilisers in the soil and fill them in the pits.
- This pitshould be prepared a month before transplanting.
Gooseberry plants are prepared in the nursery a month before planting in the field. After this, a small pit should be designed and produced in the middle of the prepared holes. After this, press the plants well with the soil. It is considered appropriate to plant gooseberry plants in September. The plants planted at this time grow well.
Amla plants should be given first irrigation immediately after planting. After this, irrigation should be done once a week in the summer and for 15 to 20 days in the winter. Irrigation should be done only when needed during the rainy season. Irrigation should be stopped when flowers start blooming on the tree.
Quantity of Fertilizer
Proper fertiliser is needed for the good yield of Amla plants. For this, while preparing the pits, 30 kg old cow dung manure, 50 grams of urea and 70 grams D.A.P., and 50 grams of M.O.P. Mixing the quantity in the soil should fill the pits well. After this, when the plants start growing, 40 kg cow dung manure, 1 kg neem cake, 100 gm urea, 120 gm D.A.P., and 100 gm M.O.P. Fill the quantity by making a small pit near the plants. After this process, the holes should be rinsed.
Weeds should be controlled for the good growth of gooseberry plants. Blue-hoeing method should be used for weed control in Amla plants. For this, the first weeding should be done after 18 to 20 days of transplanting the gooseberry plants. After that, its plants require 6 to 8 weeding to grow well. After this, when you see weeds in the field from time to time, then weed them.
Diseases & Prevention
Due to the onset of this type of disease, red spots appear on the leaves and fruits of the plants. This key disease gradually attacks the entire tree. Due to the onset of this disease, the fruits start getting destroyed. This disease can be prevented by spraying Indofil M-45 in appropriate quantities.
Black Spot Disease
This black spot disease is seen due to boron deficiency in plants. Due to the infection of this disease, black spots start appearing on the fruits. If this disease is not controlled, yield and quality can be affected. This disease can be prevented by spraying Borax.
This type of insect disease affects the gooseberry plants more, and it spoils the fruits planted in the plants, due to which the fruits break and fall. It is also called borer disease. The larva of this pest is so powerful that it attacks the kernels while making holes in the fruits. This disease can be prevented by spraying appropriate carbaryl or monocrotophos.
About 3 to 4 years after transplanting the plant in the field, its plants start yielding. After 5 to 6 months of flowering, its fruits get ready after ripening. Initially, its fruits appear green in colour. After that, it becomes light yellow when properly ripened. During harvest, about 100 to 120 KG of fruits are prepared in a fully equipped gooseberry plant.
Accordingly, about 150 to 180 plants can be planted in one acre of field. Whose total production is around 20,000 kg. The market price of Amla ranges from Rs 15 to Rs 30 per kg, depending on the quality. Farmer brothers can earn two to three lakhs by cultivating gooseberries on one acre of land.